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Report of the 8th Regional Course on Law Of Armed Conflicts and Ethics


Tunis, Tunisia

February 14-18, 2022




The General Directorate of Military Health organized in collaboration with the ICMM Reference Center for Training in International Humanitarian Law and Ethics (CRF - DIHE), the 8th Tunis Course in International Law of Armed Conflicts and Ethics in the Military Health Service’s Application School, during the period from February 14-18, 2022.

This course was supported by the Regional Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Tunis.

It has become an annual event for health officers to learn and share their experiences in the field of Law of Armed Conflict (LoAC). Its purpose was to raise the awareness of participants for the LoAC and to establish its links with the specific missions of the health services.

This year, the course was conducted in the two languages of the ICMM and held in presence of Col. Johan CROUSE, head of the CRF - DIHE teachers and Legal Advisor of ICMM Secretary General. Took part in this scientific event 37 participants from Tunisia, Ivory Coast, Bahrain, Jordan, Oman and Pakistan. They were divided into three separate classes; one English and two French. Two joint plenary sessions were held, with simultaneous translation.

The scientific program covered a total of 28 hours of teaching divided into conferences and workshops and earned 16 CPD units (continuous professional development) approved by the National Institutes of Accreditation in Health (INASanté). This course focused on military medical ethics, medical confidentiality and informed consent during conflict and during peacekeeping missions, the double duty of the health officer, human behavior in times of war and the pursuit of war crime culprits.

Coaching was provided by Col. Johan CROUSE (ICMM) and Col. Thorsten SCHAAY (Germany) for the English class and Capt. Eleonore CARROT (France), Lt-Col. MD Hazem FOURATI (Tunisia) and Lt-Col. MD Maha SHIMI (Tunisia) for the French class. The Ethics part was led by Dr. Daniel MESSELKEN (swiss) and Pr. Zouheir JERBI (Tunisia). Dr. Omaima HANAFI of the ICRC also participated in conducting a plenary conference on Health Care in Danger.

This course was enhanced by the presence of Major General (MD) Mustapha FERJANI Surgeon General of Tunisian Armed Forces, who presided the course opening ceremony in presence of Ms. Rania MACHLAB the ICRC Regional Delegate in Tunis, Brigadier General Marouen BOUGUERRA Director General of Legal Affairs, Land and Litigation matters and Senior Colonel Mounir ABDENNEBI Director of Military Justice.

A meeting was held in the margin of the scientific event in presence of Senior Colonel MD Riadh ALLANI, Senior Colonel MD Abderraouf DHAOUI, Col. Johan CROUSE (ICMM), Dr. Omaima HANAFI (ICRC), Pr. Skander MRAD (President of the National Committee of Medical Ethics), Dr. Daniel MESSELKEN and Pr. Zouheir JERBI, allowed to evaluate the progress of the current session and to discuss opportunities to develop the Military Medical Ethics Day as a four-day seminar to be held concurrently with the course.

This session was considered very successful in organizational and scientific terms. It was proposed to maintain the course in its present form for the next years for the benefit of Tunisian and international participants divided into two French classes and one English class in addition to a French class dedicated to the Military Medical Ethics seminar in Tunis.

The organizing committee is looking forward to the active participation of candidates from different ICMM member countries in the 9th session to be held in Tunisia during the period from 20 to 24 February 2023.